I. Vacancies

There are a total of 10 vacancies on state supreme courts that will be filled by governor or legislative appointment. Four of these vacancies are current and 6 are future vacancies that have been announced. 

District of Columbia

Current & Announced Future Vacancies: 2

OutgoingVacancy DateNomineeNominee Current PositionNominee Prior Positions
Kathryn A. Oberly11/1/2013Carmen Iguina GonzalezCounsel, Kaplan Hecker & Fink; Director, Howard University School of Law Civil Rights ClinicACLU Immigrants’ Rights Project; ACLU of Southern California; corporate law
Loren AliKhan12/13/2023Joseph PalmorePartner, Morrison FoersterAssistant to the Solicitor General, U.S. DOJ; Deputy General Counsel, FCC; corporate law

Maine

Current & Announced Future Vacancies: 1

OutgoingVacancy DateNomineeNominee Current PositionNominee Prior Positions
Joseph Jabar2/2/2024

Maryland

Current & Announced Future Vacancies: 1

OutgoingVacancy DateNomineeNominee Current PositionNominee Prior Positions
Michele Hotton4/20/2024

Minnesota

Current & Announced Future Vacancies: 2

OutgoingVacancy DateNomineeNominee Current PositionNominee Prior Positions
Barry AndersonMay 10, 2024 (future)Sarah HennesyJudge, State trial courtSt. Cloud Legal Aid; public defender; appellate public defender; private practice
Margaret ChutichJuly 31, 2024 (future)Theodora GaitasJudge, State Court of AppealsJudge, state trial court; appellate public defender

New Jersey

Current & Announced Future Vacancies: 1

OutgoingVacancy DateNomineeNominee Current PositionNominee Prior Positions
Lee SolomonAugust 2024 (Future)

South Carolina

Current & Announced Future Vacancies: 1

OutgoingVacancy DateNomineeNominee Current PositionNominee Prior Positions
Donald BeattyJuly 31, 2024 (Future)

Tennessee

Current & Announced Future Vacancies: 1

OutgoingVacancy DateNomineeNominee Current PositionNominee Prior Positions
Roger A. PageAugust 31, 2024 (Future)Mary L. WagnerCircuit Court (Trial) JudgeLaw firm associate

Texas

Current & Announced Future Vacancies: 1

OutgoingVacancy DateNomineeNominee Current PositionNominee Prior Positions
Nathan HechtAugust 15, 2024 (Future)

II. 2024 Contested Elections

18 states are holding regular elections for state supreme court seats in 2024, with a total of 51 seats at stake. In about one third of these elections, however, only one candidate has filed to run. The contested elections are noted below.

Alabama

IncumbentCandidate (Party)Candidate BackgroundElection Date
Open (Chief Justice Tom Parker not running)Greg Griffin (Dem)Trial judge; Legal counsel to state Board of Pardons & Paroles; corporate law; staff attorney at Legal Services Corporation; Assistant State Attorney General11/5/24
Sarah Stewart (Rep)Associate Justice; trial judge; private practice

Arkansas

IncumbentCandidate (Party)Candidate BackgroundElection Date
Open (Chief Justice Dan Kemp not running)Karen R. BakerAssociate Justice; state trial judge; state appellate judge; public defender; private practice11/5/24
Rhonda WoodAssociate Justice; state trial judge; state appellate judge; private practice & corporate law; hearing officer for Conway Housing Authority

Georgia

IncumbentCandidate (Party)Candidate BackgroundElection Date
Andrew Pinson (Rep)Associate Justice; state solicitor11/5/24
John Barrow (Dem)Atlanta Legal Aid; U.S. Representative for Georgia’s 12th congressional district; county commissioner; private practice

Kentucky

IncumbentCandidate (Party)Candidate BackgroundElection Date
Open (Chief Justice Laurance VanMeter not running)Pamela GoodwineChief Judge, state Court of Appeals; state trial judge; private practice; Chair, Kentucky Commission on Human Rights11/5/24
Erin IzzoPrivate practice, corporate lawyer and insurance defense

Michigan

IncumbentCandidate (Party)Candidate BackgroundElection Date
Kyra Harris Bolden (D)Associate Justice; state legislator (D); criminal defense & civil litigator11/5/24
Mark Boonstra (R)Court of Appeals judge; private practice
Andrew Fink (R)State legislator (R); Officer, U.S. Marine Corps
Kimberly Ann Thomas (D)Law professor/Director, Juvenile Justice Clinic; Member, Michigan Task Force on Juvenile Justice Reform; private practice

Mississippi

IncumbentCandidate (Party)Candidate BackgroundElection Date
Jim KitchensPresiding Justice; Elected District Attorney; private practice11/5/24
Jenifer BranningState senator (R); private practice
Ceola JamesState Court of Appeals judge; Chancery judge; solo practitioner
Abby RobinsonPlaintiffs-side private practice

Montana

IncumbentCandidate (Party)Candidate BackgroundElection Date
Open (Dirk M. Sandefur retiring)Katharine BidegarayState trial judge; state auditor’s office; private practicePrimary 6/4/24
Dan WilsonState trial judge; Justice of the Peace; local prosecutor; private practice
Jerry O’NeilState legislator (R)
Open (Mike McGrath retiring)Jerry LynchU.S. Magistrate Judge; private practice
Cory SwansonElected prosecutor; lobbyist; deputy attorney general
Doug MarshallPrivate practice, plaintiffs-side & criminal defense

North Carolina

IncumbentCandidate (Party)Candidate BackgroundElection Date
Allison Riggs (D)State Supreme Court justice; Civil rights attorney11/5/24
Jeff Griffin (R)State Court of Appeals judge; State trial court judge; local prosecutor; private practice

Ohio

IncumbentCandidate (Party)Candidate BackgroundElection Date
Melody Stewart (D)State Court of Appeals judge; law professor; private practice; assistant city law director11/5/24
Joe Deters (R)State Supreme Court justice; elected prosecutor
Michael P. Donnelly (D)County judge; local prosecutor; plaintiff-side private practice; insurance defense
Megan Shanahan (R)Judge, Court of Common Pleas; municipal court judge; local prosecutor
Open (Joe Deters challenging Stewart instead of running)Lisa Forbes (D)Judge, State Court of Appeals; corporate law
Dan Hawkins (R)Judge, Court of Common Pleas; municipal court judge; local prosecutor

Texas Court of Criminal Appeals

IncumbentCandidate (Party)Candidate BackgroundElection Date
Open (Sharon Keller (R) defeated in primary)David Schenck (R)Judge, State Court of Appeals; Deputy State Attorney General; private practice11/5/24
Holly Taylor (D)Local prosecutor (civil rights & conviction integrity units);
Open (Barbara Hervey (R) defeated in primary)Gina Parker (R)Local prosecutor; city attorney; solo practitioner;
Nancy Mulder (D)Judge, State Criminal District Court; private practice criminal defense; local prosecutor
Mark Ash (L)Private practice
Open (Michelle Slaughter (R) defeated in primary)Lee Finley (R)Private practice
Chika Anyiam (D)Judge, State Criminal District Court; private practice (criminal defense)
Stephen Kinsella (L)Patent attorney; corporate law (in house)

Texas Supreme Court

IncumbentCandidate (Party)Candidate BackgroundElection Date
Jimmy Blacklock (R)General Counsel & Adviser to Gov. Greg Abbott; Deputy State Attorney General; U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division (GWB Admin); private practice11/5/24
Desean Jones (D)Judge, State Criminal District Court; Army JAG Corps;
John Devine (R)Judge, State District Court; corporate lawyer; anti-abortion activist
Christine Weems (D)Judge, State Civil District Court; plaintiffs-side private practice; corporate litigation
Jane Bland (R)Judge, State 1st District Court of Appeals; Judge, State District Court; corporate law at Big Law
Bonnie Lee Goldstein (D)Judge, State 5th District Court of Appeals; private practice, solo practitioner; city attorney; municipal prosecutor
David Roberson (L)Tax Attorney

III. 2024 Retention Elections

There 15 states with supreme court retention elections in 2024

Alaska

IncumbentProfessional BackgroundElection Date
Dario BorghesanAssistant state attorney general11/5/24
Jennifer HendersonLocal prosecutor; corporate litigation; state trial judge

Arizona

IncumbentProfessional BackgroundElection Date
Clint BolickDOJ Civil Rights Division; EEOC; advocacy for school choice & private property rights11/5/24
Kathryn Hackett KingGovernor general counsel; corporate litigation

Colorado

IncumbentProfessional BackgroundElection Date
Maria Berkenkotter (D)Corporate litigation; assistant state attorney general; state trial judge11/5/24
Brian Boatright (D)State trial judge; local prosecutor
Monica Marquez (D)State AG prosecutor & civil litigation; corporate litigation

Florida

IncumbentProfessional BackgroundElection Date
Renatha FrancisState trial judge; career law clerk11/5/24
Meredith SassoGovernor general counsel; corporate litigation & insurance defense

Indiana

IncumbentProfessional BackgroundElection Date
Mark MassaLocal prosecutor; white collar criminal defense; governor general counsel11/5/24
Derek MolterState appellate judge; corporate transactional
Loretta H. RushCorporate & plaintiff’s-side litigation; state trial judge

Iowa

IncumbentProfessional BackgroundElection Date
David MayState trial & appellate judge; corporate litigation11/5/24

Maryland

IncumbentProfessional BackgroundElection Date
Angela M. EavesFederal prosecutor; legal aid; assistant attorney general (civil) state trial judge11/5/24
Matthew FaderState trial & appellate judge; DOJ civil; corporate litigation
Shirley Marie WattsLocal prosecutor; public defender

Missouri

IncumbentProfessional BackgroundElection Date
Ginger GoochState appellate judge; private practice11/5/24
Kelly BroniacState appellate & trial judge; local prosecutor

Nebraska

IncumbentProfessional BackgroundElection Date
Stephanie StacyState trial judge; private practice11/5/24

New Mexico

IncumbentProfessional BackgroundElection Date
Briana H. Zamora (D)State prosecutor; public defender; plaintiff-side private practice; state appellate judge11/5/24

Oklahoma Court of Criminal Appeals

IncumbentProfessional BackgroundElection Date
David B. LewisState trial judge; local prosecutor; private practice11/5/24
William J. MussemanState trial judge; local prosecutor
Scott RowlandLocal prosecutor

Oklahoma Supreme Court

IncumbentProfessional BackgroundElection Date
James EdmondsonLocal prosecutor; private private; state administrative law judge11/5/24
Norma GurichState trial court judge; private practice
Yvonne KaugerCareer law clerk

South Dakota

IncumbentProfessional BackgroundElection Date
Scott P. MyrenMagistrate judge11/5/24

Tennessee

IncumbentProfessional BackgroundElection Date
Dwight TarwaterPlaintiffs-side/personal injury private practice11/5/24

Utah

IncumbentProfessional BackgroundElection Date
Matthew DurrantState trial judge; private practice11/5/24

Wyoming

IncumbentProfessional BackgroundElection Date
John G. FennState trial judge; private practice11/5/24
Kate M. FoxCivil cases defending the criminal legal system; other private practice